About Peggy Hanna

Peggy Hanna, a Chicago native, became active politically after moving to Ohio in 1965. She was the co-chair of Springfield People for Peace and elected a McGovern delegate to the 1972 Democrat National Convention.

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Detailed Chapter Outline

Chapter Synopsis



A plea from Peggy to those who don’t understand how much people like herself supported the troops while protesting the war.

Chapter One The Move


This first chapter begins with a humorous anecdote about Peggy, a product of a Catholic all girl high school, and the first time she questionings authority. Peggy and her family move from the Chicago area in 1965 to a farm community outside Yellow Springs, Ohio, home of Antioch College. An Antioch history professor turns in his draft card and challenges Peggy about her unquestioning support of the Vietnam War. She’s learns that sometimes it’s a sin not to challenge authority.

Chapter Two Hawk to Dove

The years 1965 through 1969, the war, the church, the women’s movement, and civil rights further challenge Peggy’s traditional thinking. She weighs the Just War Theory against all she’s learned about the war and struggles to learn the truth.


Chapter Three Springfield People for Peace

Expecting her fifth baby, Peggy and her husband move to nearby Springfield. After the baby’s birth, she joins a local peace group and becomes its new co-chair.


Chapter Four Patriotism

Springfield People for Peace publishes a pamphlet titled Is Peace Patriotic? A few anecdotes underscore the volatility of the issue.


Chapter Five Witness

Description of the growth of Springfield People for Peace and its witness to peace through marches, vigils and education programs. Peggy bemoans the stereotyping of peace activists and the belief they did not support the troops.


Chapter Six Kent State and More

One of the members of Springfield People for Peace, whose son had been killed in Vietnam, has two sons at Kent State during the shootings. A few personal stories of other members give a feel for the times.


Chapter Seven Mrs. Smith Goes to Washington

1970 Peggy and her co-chair go to Washington, DC, to lobby for the McGovern Hatfield Amendment to End the War. Meeting with their conservative congressman proved a lesson in futility.


Chapter Eight Opportunity Knocks

The Paris Peace Talks were stalemated. Because their local peace group had been so active, Peggy is invited to go to Paris as part of The Citizens Conference on Ending the War sponsored by three national peace organizations.


Chapter Nine The Paris Peace Talks

A personal account of the day to day meetings with all the delegations represented at the Paris Peace Talks. Historic insights never published before.


Chapter Ten Sharing the Experience

Peggy and Karen speak to numerous service clubs, churches and schools with a particularly difficult experience at a local high school.


Chapter Eleven Banned

Springfield People for Peace, primarily a group of mothers with children, is banned from the Memorial Day Parade causing a furor in the local press.


Chapter Twelve Pressing On

Composite of individuals in the peace group, activities pursued in the name of peace, and the hostility of local clergy. Peggy’s own pastor bans her from teaching catechism in the CCD program.


Chapter Thirteen Peace to Politics

Faced with the 1972 election with Nixon and Humphrey, Peggy runs as a delegate pledged to McGovern and wins. A member of the peace group runs for U.S. Congress against the long term incumbent Republican. Humorous inside stories of the Democratic Convention in Miami balance the accounts of infighting within the Ohio delegation.


Chapter Fourteen Political Realities

Commitment and hard work are not enough in the political world. Dorothy Franke’s campaign for Congress and McGovern’s end in failure.


Chapter Fifteen The End

The peace movement loses momentum with Nixon’s re-election and Springfield People for Peace dissolves. A story of Peggy meeting with a group of Vietnam veterans years later illustrates the need for understanding and healing.


Appendix Brief Overview of the Events Leading to the Vietnam War




Note: Each chapter begins with a summary of the events of the Vietnam War at that time.